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Publication Title united states of america Code, 1994 Edition, Supplement 5, Title 8 – ALIENS AND NATIONALITY
Category Bills and Statutes
Collection United States Code
SuDoc Class Number Y 1.2/5:
included Within Title 8 – ALIENS AND NATIONALITYCHAPTER 12 – NATIONALITYSUBCHAPTER and IMMIGRATION II – IMMIGRATIONPart IX – MiscellaneousSec. 1375 – Mail-order bride company
Contains part 1375
Date 1999
Laws in place at the time of Date January 23, 2000
Positive Law No
Disposition standard
supply Credit Pub. L. 104-208, div. C, title VI, §652, Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-712.
Statutes most importantly References 100 Stat. 3537108 Stat. 1902110 Stat. 3009-712
Public Law References Public Law 99-639, Public Law 103-322, Public Law 104-208

§1375. Mail-order bride company

(a) Findings

The Congress finds the following:

(1) there was a“mail-order that is substantial company in the usa. With about 200 organizations in america, an predicted 2,000 to 3,500 guys in the usa find spouses through mail-order bride catalogs every year. But, there aren’t any statistics that are official from the wide range of mail-order brides going into the united states of america every year.

(2) The organizations involved in the bride that is mail-order make significant earnings.

(3) although a lot of of those mail-order marriages exercise, in several other situations, anecdotal proof shows that mail-order brides are in abusive relationships. Additionally there is proof to declare that a number that is substantial of marriages are fraudulent under usa legislation.

(4) numerous mail-order brides come to the united states of america unaware or ignorant of usa immigration legislation. Mail-order brides that are battered frequently genuinely believe that they will be deported if they flee an abusive marriage. Usually the resident partner threatens to possess them deported if they report the punishment.

(5) The Immigration and Naturalization Service estimates that the price of wedding fraudulence between foreign nationals and united states of america citizens or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence is 8 per cent. It really is not clear exactly what portion among these wedding fraudulence situations originate as mail-order marriages.

(b) Information dissemination

(1) Requirement

Each matchmaking that is international conducting business in the us shall disseminate to recruits, upon recruitment, such immigration and naturalization information because the Immigration and Naturalization provider deems appropriate, into the recruit’s indigenous language, including information about conditional permanent residence status therefore the battered spouse waiver under such status, permanent resident status, wedding fraudulence charges, the unregulated nature associated with the company involved with by such businesses, and also the study needed under subsection (c) with this part.

(2) Civil penalty

(A) Breach

Any worldwide matchmaking organization that the Attorney General determines has violated this subsection will probably be topic, as well as some other charges which may be recommended for legal reasons, up to a civil cash penalty of no more than ,000 for every violation that is such.

(B) Procedures for imposition of penalty

Any penalty under subparagraph (A) might be imposed just after opportunity and notice for a company hearing from the record prior to parts 554 through 557 of name 5.

The Attorney General, in assessment with all the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization together with Director for the Violence Against Women Initiative regarding the Department of Justice, shall conduct a scholarly research of mail-order marriages to ascertain, among other things—

(1) the sheer number of such marriages;

(2) the level of wedding fraudulence such marriages, including an estimate associated with level of marriage fraud as a result of the solutions given by worldwide matchmaking businesses;

(3) the degree to which mail-order partners utilize part 1254a(a)(3) 1 of the name (providing for suspension of deportation in some situations abuse that is involving, or area 1154(a)(1)(A)(iii) for this name (supplying for many aliens who’ve been mistreated to register a category petition by themselves behalf);

(4) the level of domestic punishment in mail-order marriages; and

(5) the necessity for continued or expanded legislation and training to make usage of the goals associated with the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 together with Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 with regards to marriages that are mail-order.

perhaps maybe Not later on than 1 after September 30, 1996, the Attorney General shall submit a report to the Committees on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and of the Senate setting forth the results of the study conducted under subsection (c) of this section year.

( ag ag e) Definitions

As utilized in this area:

(1) International matchmaking company

(A) generally speaking

The word “international matchmaking organization” means a organization, partnership, company, or other appropriate entity, whether or otherwise not arranged beneath the guidelines associated with the united states of america or any State, that does business in the us as well as for revenue proposes to united states of america citizens or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence, dating, matrimonial, or social recommendation solutions to nonresident noncitizens, by—

(i) a trade of names, phone figures, details, or data;

(ii) variety of photographs; or

(iii) an environment that is social by the corporation in a nation aside from the usa.

(B) Exception

Such term doesn’t incorporate a matchmaking that is traditional of a religious nature that otherwise runs in conformity utilizing the rules of this nations regarding the recruits of these company while the legislation of this united states of america.

The expression “recruit” means a noncitizen, nonresident individual, recruited by the worldwide matchmaking company for the true purpose of supplying dating, matrimonial, or social recommendation solutions to united states of america citizens or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence.

(Pub. L. 104–208, div. C, name VI, §652, Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–712.)

Sources in Text

The Violence Against Women Act of 1994, described in subsec. (c)(5), is name IV of Pub. L. 103–322, Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 1902. For complete classification with this Act into the Code, see Quick Title note put down under part 13701 of Title 42, the general public wellness and Welfare, and Tables.

The Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986, described in subsec. (c)(5), is Pub. L. 99–639, Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3537. For complete classification of the Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1986 Amendments note lay out under part 1101 for this title and Tables.


Part ended up being enacted within the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, as well as within the Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997, rather than within the Immigration and Nationality Act which comprises this chapter.

1 So in original. Most likely should really be section “1229b(b)(2)”.

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